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About Varma kalai

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What is the meanings of Varma

Varmam or Marmam are locations in the body where vital life force is seen in high concentration. These locations are called Varma points or varmam clusters and function as vital force (Prana) generators. The action that causes loss or blockage of vital energy (Ki, Chi, Prana etc) at certain locations of pressure points, nerve junctions or bone joints is called Varma Adi or Varmam strike. The actual points, or nerve junctions etc themselves may be called Varmam.The systematic study, art or method of performing the actions in the application of martial arts/self defence is called Varmam or Varma Kalai.

 

History of Varma

It is said that varmakalai, originated from Lord Siva, a great Yogi.

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“Thaeravey Sivan Umaikku sonna bodham,

Aaaramal naan arindhu in nool sonnaen”

 

According to the above verse, Lord Siva taught varmam to his wife Parvathi; later Parvathi taught varmam to their son Lord Murugan. Lord Murugan then taught Siddha Agasthiyar.

Agasthiyar later gave a written form that reached the masses. But the original texts (and their copies), directly written by siddhas, are not available now. Saints who have grasped the meaning of the siddhas sayings have given a poetic form, which is used in modern day learning. So far, around fifty thousand songs are available.

The narrated history has been mentioned in the 41st prose of “Kai Mathirai Thiravukol ” as describes the first worldly originator of the Guru Sishya Parampara or Lineage as the Sage Agastya who in turn taught it to others like Ramadeva, Bhoga Muni, Goraksa (or Gorakhnath, the patron guru of the Gurkhas, interesting parallel!!),  Theraya, Pulippaani etc, who in turn taught their disciples and gradually knowledge of this art reached commoners in the same, strict Guru-Shishya tradition.

The ancient Sangam age kingdoms of Cheras, Cholas and Pandyas had a long tradition of Martial Chivalry just like the Kshatriyas of the northern regions. Warriors refused to attack an unarmed opponent, instead meeting him on equal terms without weapons. Tanjore “Kuthu Varisai” was the domain of the Cholas. This was the ancient unarmed, kickboxing like art using rapid percussive strikes to bring town an opponent. The Chera kingdom was closer to the borders of Middle and southern Kerala and had their own tradition of unarmed combat and affinity towards Pressure point systems.

In fact, the stronghold of Tamilian Varmam art is the area around Kanyakumari and Nagercoil districts, which share borders with Southern Kerala, where the Thekkan Kalari (Southern Style Kalari) system which devotes lesser time to weaponry and lays more emphasis on unarmed combat and Marma Adi techniques that the other two styles of Madhya Keralam(Central Style of Kalari – Palakkad-Cannanore- Malappuram areas) and Vadakkan Kalari ( Northern Style– Malabar etc).

Even in the art of Silambam, (bamboo staff fencing) there are many instances in history, where opponents were defeated by blows or prodding attacks with the stick, to vital spots on the body in historical descriptions and in quite a number of manuals on this art.

The warring states in South India refined the fighting skills and techniques prevalent in the area into a martial art form. The art flourished between the 13 and 16 centuries, becoming a part of the education of youngsters of that age.

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What are the Classifications of Varma Points

CLASSIFICATIONS OF VARMAM

Human body is divided into five areas in which varmam (varma points) are discussed. They are:

 

Unit

Area

Number of Points

I From Top of the Head till Neck

25

II From Neck till Naval Point

45

III From Naval Point till Anus

9

IV Both Hands

14

V Both Legs

15

Total

108

 

The same 108 varmams are classified under different categories. One such classification is based on 12 nerves (or a meridian channel) in the nervous system. Each meridian channel consists of one Padu varmam and eight Thodu varmam.

 

Varmam Type

Number of Points

Thodu Varmam

96

Padu Varmam

12

Total

108

 

The number of varmams (108) various between various schools of varmam.

Based on Indian Astrology, there are 92 varmams:

 

Varmam Based On

Number of Points

(Hindu Astrological) Stars

27

Lunar

30

Padu Varmam

35

Total

92

 

Based on the text Naramparai, written by Kumbamuni Siddha, there are 253 varmams:

 

Classification

Number of Points

Padu Varman

18

Thodu Varmam

96

Pakka Varmam

8

Narambu Elumbu Varmam

86

Maru Varmam

45

Total

253

 

 

 

Based on yet another classification, there are 107 points:

 

Classification

Number of Points

Vata Varmam (Air)

65

Pitta Varmam (Heat)

24

Kapha Varmam (Cool)

6

Concealed Varmam

12

Total

107

 

 

The actual function of the Varmam Points

The rationale of Varmam is that Varmams are energy points in the body mainly located on the skin and adjacent tissue. Injury to these points is one of the causes of illness in the body according to Siddha sages. The Prana force or vital current of electrical energy flowing through the individual Nadi is of very low voltage. Given the normal resistance of the skin, it would be impossible for the current to travel very far without the loss of signal strength. Here the Varmams come into play by acting as signal-boosting routing stations or step up transformers!

108 Varma points Name

  1. Kondaikolli varmam
  2. Thilartha kaalam
  3. Patchi varmam
  4. Kannadi kaalam
  5. Paala varmam
  6. Naasi varmam
  7. Minvitti varmam
  8. Manthira kaalam
  9. Annan kaalam
  10. Kombothrei Kaalam
  11. Sunnambu Kaalam
  12. Poigai kaalam
  13. Uthira varmam
  14. Kutri varmam
  15. Vettu varmam
  16. Poottellu varmam
  17. Chuzhiyadi varmam
  18. Pidari Varmam
  19. Cheerum Kolli varmam
  20. Saruthi Varmam
  21. Pinshwaasi Varmam
  22. Vialngu Varmam
  23. Thivala Varmam
  24. Arukutti Varmam
  25. Malar Varmam
  26. Karreral Varmam
  27. Koonbu Varmam
  28. Neru Varmam
  29. Urumi Kaalam
  30. Kazhalai varmam
  31. Hanuman varmam
  32. Thudi varmam
  33. Valai varmam
  34. Thooshika varmam
  35. Villam varmam
  36. Pidi varmam
  37. Mulai varmam
  38. Nura poottu varmam
  39. Chora theenda varmam
  40. Pushti varmam
  41. Irippu varmam
  42. Mudichi varmam
  43. Adhistana varmam
  44. Rekthaadhi varmam
  45. Moothira varmam
  46. Mothira varmam
  47. Anda varmam
  48. Thandu varmam
  49. Adakka varmam
  50. Kaal kavuli varmam
  51. Puriva kaalam
  52. Kannu varmam
  53. Valamurthi kaalam
  54. Sumai varmam
  55. Theetha Varmam
  56. Sudothiri Varmam
  57. Chothi varmam
  58. Nachitra kaalam
  59. Perichal varmam
  60. Chenni varmam
  61. Alavaadi varmam
  62. Aayama varmam
  63. Chevi kuthi varmam
  64. Kona sanni varmam
  65. Urakka kaalam
  66. Kakkattai Kaalam
  67. Sakthi varmam
  68. Majjah Varmam
  69. Palla varmam
  70. Uppu kutri kaalam
  71. Kokki varmam
  72. Kulir varmam
  73. Maattaan varmam
  74. Arangu varmam
  75. Thevela kaalama
  76. Villu varmam
  77. Panni varmam
  78. Gupthaka varmam
  79. Kallida varmam
  80. Kazhala varmam
  81. Villu varmam
  82. Mundellu varmam
  83. Cheriya atthichurukki varmam
  84. Valiya atthichurukki varmam
  85.  Vithu varmam
  86. Buja varmam
  87. Kochu varmam
  88. Chulukku varmam
  89. Muttu kann varmam
  90. Muttu varmam
  91. Moli varmam
  92. Muzham kai varmam
  93. Kai kannu varmam
  94. Mani kettu varmam
  95. Kai kavuli varmam
  96. Sthuthi kai varmam
  97. Dkashinai kaalam
  98. Swarna dakshinai kaalam
  99. Kai vellai varmam
  100. Kona sanni varmam
  101. Kal mudichi varmam
  102. Kaal kuzhachi
  103. Nadai varmam
  104. Kuthi kaal varmam
  105. Visha varmam
  106. Aamai varmam
  107. Kaal kochu varmam
  108. Kaal chulukku varmam

The Persatuan Siddha Varma Kalai Malaysia aim was to bring this time tested and full with healing abilities to be given to mankind so it will be usable. Please joint us to learn this art for wellness and healthy living.

More Info:http://varmamkalai.org

Contact: varma@siddhainstitute.com